Beginner’s Guide to Growing Garlic
on Jul 19, 2016, Updated Oct 28, 2023
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If you’ve never grown garlic, this Beginner’s Guide to Growing Garlic will give you all the tools you need from planting to harvest! And if you have grown garlic before, keep reading. You might learn a new trick.
How to Grow Garden Vegetables Series
Want to learn how to grow all the garden vegetables? Check out my How to Grow Series and learn to garden like a champ! More posts coming soon!
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- How to Grow Carrots from Planting to Harvest
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- 21 Tips for Growing Cucumbers in Raised Beds & Containers
- Beginner’s Guide to Growing Garlic
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- How to Grow Rhubarb – Tips and Tricks for a Good Harvest
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Beginner’s Guide to Growing Garlic
Garlic is great plant to grow as it enhances so many dishes with its wonderful flavor and it has a lot of medicinal qualities as well. I’ve been growing garlic for a number of years and love it. It’s one of my favorite plants to grow, because after it’s planted in the fall, it seems like it grows effortlessly in the spring. Since I consider myself to be a lazy gardening (ha!) I like that a lot. Here are a few tips and tricks to help you grow the best garlic ever!
When to plant garlic
You can typically start planting garlic in the fall just after your first light frost for a summer harvest. I’ve planted my garlic in the snow out here in Eastern Iowa as the fall always seems to get away from me. Just don’t wait too long. It’s impossible to plant when the ground is frozen and garlic needs an average of 6 to 10 months to mature.
You can also plant garlic in the spring for harvest in the fall, but fall plantings typically yield bigger garlic bulbs.
Where to buy seed garlic
Unfortunately, you can’t just take a bulb of garlic you bought at the store and plant it in the garden. You’ll need to source quality seed garlic from a reputable seller. My favorite places to buy seed garlic are Seed Savers, Rare Seeds, or Azure Standard. I look for varieties that will store well and are suited for my harsh climate.
Softneck vs hardneck garlic
There are two main types of garlic you can choose from when deciding what to grow: hardneck and softneck. Hardneck garlic is supposed to have the richest flavor and smaller, but very tight bulbs. It’s best grown in climates with colder winters (like mine) and it’s also the garlic that grows scapes. Softneck garlic on the other hand, grows better in warmer climates where the winters aren’t as cold. Some softneck garlic varieties can produce up to 40 cloves per bulb and they do not grow scapes.
Read about different types of heirloom garlic to plant this fall here.
How to plant garlic
To plant garlic, separate the bulb into individual cloves leaving the outer skin on. Plant the cloves pointed end up, 6-8″ apart and 2″ deep. Cover with a lot of mulch – up to 6 inches of straw or grass clippings and leave the mulch on through the spring to help with moisture and weed control. You’ll want to plant it in a well drained area that receives full sun.
Don’t forget to cut off the scapes!
A big part of growing garlic is cutting off the scapes. Scapes are the curly stems that often form as the garlic grows. Because leaving them on to flower inhibits bulb growth, cut or break them off after they are 10″ long. Scapes are edible and are very tasty added to stir frys, soups, salads and more!
For information on harvesting, curing and storing, head over to Part 2 of the Beginner’s Guide to Growing Garlic! This informative post will tell you when to harvest garlic, everything you need to know about curing garlic, and tips for storing it to last all winter. Click here to read Part 2: What You Need to Know About Harvesting & Curing Garlic.
For more helpful gardening posts, read these:
And that’s it! Happy planting this fall! I’d love to hear what your favorite variety of garlic is to grow. Happy Gardening!
Tuesdays in the Garden
Now it’s time for Tuesdays in the Garden. My favorite gardening bloggers are sharing their best tips and tricks for growing other veggies today. I sure hope you’ll hop over and learn from them too.
The Ultimate Guide to Growing Green Beans from Jami at An Oregon Cottage
Everything You Need to Know about Growing Carrots from Shelly at Frugal Family Home
5 Tips for Growing the Perfect Peppers from Diane @Homemade Food Junkie
How to Grow Elephant Garlic from Angie at The Freckled Rose