If you’ve never grown garlic, this Beginner’s Guide to Growing Garlic will give you all the tools you need from planting to harvest! And if you have grown garlic before, keep reading. You might learn a new trick.
Welcome to Tuesdays in the Garden! Today I’m sharing tips for growing garlic and my other gardening blogging buddies are also sharing their best tips for growing other veggies as well. Make sure you read to the end of the post for links to their information as well.
Beginner’s Guide to Growing Garlic
Garlic is great plant to grow as it enhances so many dishes with its wonderful flavor and it has a lot of medicinal qualities as well. I’ve been growing garlic for a number of years and love it. It’s one of my favorite plants to grow, because after it’s planted in the fall, it seems like it grows effortlessly in the spring. Since I consider myself to be a lazy gardening (ha!) I like that a lot. Here are a few tips and tricks to help you grow the best garlic ever!
When to plant garlic
You can typically start planting garlic in the fall just after your first light frost for a summer harvest. I’ve planted my garlic in the snow out here in Eastern Iowa as the fall always seems to get away from me. Just don’t wait too long. It’s impossible to plant when the ground is frozen and garlic needs an average of 6 to 10 months to mature.
You can also plant garlic in the spring for harvest in the fall, but fall plantings typically yield bigger garlic bulbs.
Where to buy seed garlic
Unfortunately, you can’t just take a bulb of garlic you bought at the store and plant it in the garden. You’ll need to source quality seed garlic from a reputable seller. My favorite places to buy seed garlic are Seed Savers, Rare Seeds, or Azure Standard. I look for varieties that will store well and are suited for my harsh climate.
Softneck vs hardneck garlic
There are two main types of garlic you can choose from when deciding what to grow: hardneck and softneck. Hardneck garlic is supposed to have the richest flavor and smaller, but very tight bulbs. It’s best grown in climates with colder winters (like mine) and it’s also the garlic that grows scapes. Softneck garlic on the other hand, grows better in warmer climates where the winters aren’t as cold. Some softneck garlic varieties can produce up to 40 cloves per bulb and they do not grow scapes.
How to plant garlic
To plant garlic, separate the bulb into individual cloves leaving the outer skin on. Plant the cloves pointed end up, 6-8″ apart and 2″ deep. Cover with a lot of mulch – up to 6 inches of straw or grass clippings and leave the mulch on through the spring to help with moisture and weed control. You’ll want to plant it in a well drained area that receives full sun.
Don’t forget to cut off the scapes!
Scapes are the curly stems that often form as the garlic grows. Because leaving them on to flower inhibits bulb growth, cut or break them off after they are 10″ long. Scapes are edible and are very tasty added to stir frys, soups, salads and more!
When to harvest garlic
You should harvest your garlic in June or early July depending upon the year and your climate. You’ll want to dig it up after the leaves begin to die but while there are still some green leaves left on the plants. If you wait too long to harvest, bulbs will start separating in the ground and that makes it hard to harvest. . If this happens, you might find volunteer garlic in the spring – the picture below is volunteer garlic from my garden.
How to harvest garlic
To harvest garlic, carefully dig the plants making sure not to spear the bulbs. Also, don’t pull too hard on the stem or the bulbs will separate. Carefully brush off the dirt and either hang the garlic in small bundles to dry our of the sun, or spread them on some sort of rack. They’ll need to cure for 4-6 weeks in a shaded, dry, and well ventilated area.
How to store garlic
After the garlic is completely dry, trim off the roots and cut the stalks off about 1 1/2 inches above the bulb. Store in net bags – old onion bags are good, or the bags your seed potatoes may have com in if you order them from Seed Savers. You can also order net bags here. For optimum storage, hang your garlic in an area where the temperature remains 50-70 degrees with 45-55 percent humidity. Do not store garlic in the fridge.
And that’s it! Now you know everything you need to know about growing garlic. I’d love to hear what your favorite variety of garlic is to grow. Happy Gardening!
Tuesdays in the Garden
Now it’s time for Tuesdays in the Garden. My favorite gardening bloggers are sharing their best tips and tricks for growing other veggies today. I sure hope you’ll hop over and learn from them too.
The Ultimate Guide to Growing Green Beans from Jami at An Oregon Cottage
Everything You Need to Know about Growing Carrots from Shelly at Frugal Family Home
5 Tips for Growing the Perfect Peppers from Diane @Homemade Food Junkie
How to Grow Elephant Garlic from Angie at The Freckled Rose